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celery.app.task 源代码

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
    celery.app.task
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Task Implementation: Task request context, and the base task class.

"""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import with_statement

from celery import current_app
from celery import states
from celery.__compat__ import class_property
from celery._state import get_current_worker_task, _task_stack
from celery.datastructures import ExceptionInfo
from celery.exceptions import MaxRetriesExceededError, RetryTaskError
from celery.result import EagerResult
from celery.utils import gen_task_name, fun_takes_kwargs, uuid, maybe_reraise
from celery.utils.functional import mattrgetter, maybe_list
from celery.utils.imports import instantiate
from celery.utils.mail import ErrorMail

from .annotations import resolve_all as resolve_all_annotations
from .registry import _unpickle_task

#: extracts attributes related to publishing a message from an object.
extract_exec_options = mattrgetter(
    'queue', 'routing_key', 'exchange',
    'immediate', 'mandatory', 'priority', 'expires',
    'serializer', 'delivery_mode', 'compression',
)


class Context(object):
    # Default context
    logfile = None
    loglevel = None
    hostname = None
    id = None
    args = None
    kwargs = None
    retries = 0
    eta = None
    expires = None
    is_eager = False
    delivery_info = None
    taskset = None   # compat alias to group
    group = None
    chord = None
    utc = None
    called_directly = True
    callbacks = None
    errbacks = None
    timeouts = None
    _children = None   # see property
    _protected = 0

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        self.update(*args, **kwargs)

    def update(self, *args, **kwargs):
        self.__dict__.update(*args, **kwargs)

    def clear(self):
        self.__dict__.clear()

    def get(self, key, default=None):
        try:
            return getattr(self, key)
        except AttributeError:
            return default

    def __repr__(self):
        return '<Context: %r>' % (vars(self, ))

    @property
    def children(self):
        # children must be an empy list for every thread
        if self._children is None:
            self._children = []
        return self._children


[文档]class TaskType(type): """Meta class for tasks. Automatically registers the task in the task registry, except if the `abstract` attribute is set. If no `name` attribute is provided, then no name is automatically set to the name of the module it was defined in, and the class name. """ def __new__(cls, name, bases, attrs): new = super(TaskType, cls).__new__ task_module = attrs.get('__module__') or '__main__' # - Abstract class: abstract attribute should not be inherited. if attrs.pop('abstract', None) or not attrs.get('autoregister', True): return new(cls, name, bases, attrs) # The 'app' attribute is now a property, with the real app located # in the '_app' attribute. Previously this was a regular attribute, # so we should support classes defining it. _app1, _app2 = attrs.pop('_app', None), attrs.pop('app', None) app = attrs['_app'] = _app1 or _app2 or current_app # - Automatically generate missing/empty name. task_name = attrs.get('name') if not task_name: attrs['name'] = task_name = gen_task_name(app, name, task_module) # - Create and register class. # Because of the way import happens (recursively) # we may or may not be the first time the task tries to register # with the framework. There should only be one class for each task # name, so we always return the registered version. tasks = app._tasks if task_name not in tasks: tasks.register(new(cls, name, bases, attrs)) instance = tasks[task_name] instance.bind(app) return instance.__class__ def __repr__(cls): if cls._app: return '<class %s of %s>' % (cls.__name__, cls._app, ) if cls.__v2_compat__: return '<unbound %s (v2 compatible)>' % (cls.__name__, ) return '<unbound %s>' % (cls.__name__, )
[文档]class Task(object): """Task base class. When called tasks apply the :meth:`run` method. This method must be defined by all tasks (that is unless the :meth:`__call__` method is overridden). """ __metaclass__ = TaskType __trace__ = None __v2_compat__ = False # set by old base in celery.task.base ErrorMail = ErrorMail MaxRetriesExceededError = MaxRetriesExceededError #: Execution strategy used, or the qualified name of one. Strategy = 'celery.worker.strategy:default' #: This is the instance bound to if the task is a method of a class. __self__ = None #: The application instance associated with this task class. _app = None #: Name of the task. name = None #: If :const:`True` the task is an abstract base class. abstract = True #: If disabled the worker will not forward magic keyword arguments. #: Deprecated and scheduled for removal in v4.0. accept_magic_kwargs = False #: Maximum number of retries before giving up. If set to :const:`None`, #: it will **never** stop retrying. max_retries = 3 #: Default time in seconds before a retry of the task should be #: executed. 3 minutes by default. default_retry_delay = 3 * 60 #: Rate limit for this task type. Examples: :const:`None` (no rate #: limit), `'100/s'` (hundred tasks a second), `'100/m'` (hundred tasks #: a minute),`'100/h'` (hundred tasks an hour) rate_limit = None #: If enabled the worker will not store task state and return values #: for this task. Defaults to the :setting:`CELERY_IGNORE_RESULT` #: setting. ignore_result = None #: When enabled errors will be stored even if the task is otherwise #: configured to ignore results. store_errors_even_if_ignored = None #: If enabled an email will be sent to :setting:`ADMINS` whenever a task #: of this type fails. send_error_emails = None #: The name of a serializer that are registered with #: :mod:`kombu.serialization.registry`. Default is `'pickle'`. serializer = None #: Hard time limit. #: Defaults to the :setting:`CELERY_TASK_TIME_LIMIT` setting. time_limit = None #: Soft time limit. #: Defaults to the :setting:`CELERY_TASK_SOFT_TIME_LIMIT` setting. soft_time_limit = None #: The result store backend used for this task. backend = None #: If disabled this task won't be registered automatically. autoregister = True #: If enabled the task will report its status as 'started' when the task #: is executed by a worker. Disabled by default as the normal behaviour #: is to not report that level of granularity. Tasks are either pending, #: finished, or waiting to be retried. #: #: Having a 'started' status can be useful for when there are long #: running tasks and there is a need to report which task is currently #: running. #: #: The application default can be overridden using the #: :setting:`CELERY_TRACK_STARTED` setting. track_started = None #: When enabled messages for this task will be acknowledged **after** #: the task has been executed, and not *just before* which is the #: default behavior. #: #: Please note that this means the task may be executed twice if the #: worker crashes mid execution (which may be acceptable for some #: applications). #: #: The application default can be overridden with the #: :setting:`CELERY_ACKS_LATE` setting. acks_late = None #: Default task expiry time. expires = None #: Some may expect a request to exist even if the task has not been #: called. This should probably be deprecated. _default_request = None __bound__ = False from_config = ( ('send_error_emails', 'CELERY_SEND_TASK_ERROR_EMAILS'), ('serializer', 'CELERY_TASK_SERIALIZER'), ('rate_limit', 'CELERY_DEFAULT_RATE_LIMIT'), ('track_started', 'CELERY_TRACK_STARTED'), ('acks_late', 'CELERY_ACKS_LATE'), ('ignore_result', 'CELERY_IGNORE_RESULT'), ('store_errors_even_if_ignored', 'CELERY_STORE_ERRORS_EVEN_IF_IGNORED'), ) __bound__ = False # - Tasks are lazily bound, so that configuration is not set # - until the task is actually used @classmethod def bind(self, app): was_bound, self.__bound__ = self.__bound__, True self._app = app conf = app.conf for attr_name, config_name in self.from_config: if getattr(self, attr_name, None) is None: setattr(self, attr_name, conf[config_name]) if self.accept_magic_kwargs is None: self.accept_magic_kwargs = app.accept_magic_kwargs if self.backend is None: self.backend = app.backend # decorate with annotations from config. if not was_bound: self.annotate() from celery.utils.threads import LocalStack self.request_stack = LocalStack() # PeriodicTask uses this to add itself to the PeriodicTask schedule. self.on_bound(app) return app @classmethod
[文档] def on_bound(self, app): """This method can be defined to do additional actions when the task class is bound to an app.""" pass
@classmethod def _get_app(self): if not self.__bound__ or self._app is None: # The app property's __set__ method is not called # if Task.app is set (on the class), so must bind on use. self.bind(current_app) return self._app app = class_property(_get_app, bind) @classmethod def annotate(self): for d in resolve_all_annotations(self.app.annotations, self): for key, value in d.iteritems(): if key.startswith('@'): self.add_around(key[1:], value) else: setattr(self, key, value) @classmethod def add_around(self, attr, around): orig = getattr(self, attr) if getattr(orig, '__wrapped__', None): orig = orig.__wrapped__ meth = around(orig) meth.__wrapped__ = orig setattr(self, attr, meth) def __call__(self, *args, **kwargs): _task_stack.push(self) self.push_request() try: # add self if this is a bound task if self.__self__ is not None: return self.run(self.__self__, *args, **kwargs) return self.run(*args, **kwargs) finally: self.pop_request() _task_stack.pop() # - tasks are pickled into the name of the task only, and the reciever # - simply grabs it from the local registry. def __reduce__(self): return (_unpickle_task, (self.name, ), None)
[文档] def run(self, *args, **kwargs): """The body of the task executed by workers.""" raise NotImplementedError('Tasks must define the run method.')
def start_strategy(self, app, consumer): return instantiate(self.Strategy, self, app, consumer)
[文档] def delay(self, *args, **kwargs): """Star argument version of :meth:`apply_async`. Does not support the extra options enabled by :meth:`apply_async`. :param \*args: positional arguments passed on to the task. :param \*\*kwargs: keyword arguments passed on to the task. :returns :class:`celery.result.AsyncResult`: """ return self.apply_async(args, kwargs)
[文档] def apply_async(self, args=None, kwargs=None, task_id=None, producer=None, connection=None, router=None, link=None, link_error=None, publisher=None, add_to_parent=True, **options): """Apply tasks asynchronously by sending a message. :keyword args: The positional arguments to pass on to the task (a :class:`list` or :class:`tuple`). :keyword kwargs: The keyword arguments to pass on to the task (a :class:`dict`) :keyword countdown: Number of seconds into the future that the task should execute. Defaults to immediate execution (do not confuse with the `immediate` flag, as they are unrelated). :keyword eta: A :class:`~datetime.datetime` object describing the absolute time and date of when the task should be executed. May not be specified if `countdown` is also supplied. (Do not confuse this with the `immediate` flag, as they are unrelated). :keyword expires: Either a :class:`int`, describing the number of seconds, or a :class:`~datetime.datetime` object that describes the absolute time and date of when the task should expire. The task will not be executed after the expiration time. :keyword connection: Re-use existing broker connection instead of establishing a new one. :keyword retry: If enabled sending of the task message will be retried in the event of connection loss or failure. Default is taken from the :setting:`CELERY_TASK_PUBLISH_RETRY` setting. Note you need to handle the producer/connection manually for this to work. :keyword retry_policy: Override the retry policy used. See the :setting:`CELERY_TASK_PUBLISH_RETRY` setting. :keyword routing_key: Custom routing key used to route the task to a worker server. If in combination with a ``queue`` argument only used to specify custom routing keys to topic exchanges. :keyword queue: The queue to route the task to. This must be a key present in :setting:`CELERY_QUEUES`, or :setting:`CELERY_CREATE_MISSING_QUEUES` must be enabled. See :ref:`guide-routing` for more information. :keyword exchange: Named custom exchange to send the task to. Usually not used in combination with the ``queue`` argument. :keyword priority: The task priority, a number between 0 and 9. Defaults to the :attr:`priority` attribute. :keyword serializer: A string identifying the default serialization method to use. Can be `pickle`, `json`, `yaml`, `msgpack` or any custom serialization method that has been registered with :mod:`kombu.serialization.registry`. Defaults to the :attr:`serializer` attribute. :keyword compression: A string identifying the compression method to use. Can be one of ``zlib``, ``bzip2``, or any custom compression methods registered with :func:`kombu.compression.register`. Defaults to the :setting:`CELERY_MESSAGE_COMPRESSION` setting. :keyword link: A single, or a list of subtasks to apply if the task exits successfully. :keyword link_error: A single, or a list of subtasks to apply if an error occurs while executing the task. :keyword producer: :class:[email protected]` instance to use. :keyword add_to_parent: If set to True (default) and the task is applied while executing another task, then the result will be appended to the parent tasks ``request.children`` attribute. :keyword publisher: Deprecated alias to ``producer``. Also supports all keyword arguments supported by :meth:`kombu.messaging.Producer.publish`. .. note:: If the :setting:`CELERY_ALWAYS_EAGER` setting is set, it will be replaced by a local :func:`apply` call instead. """ producer = producer or publisher app = self._get_app() router = router or self.app.amqp.router conf = app.conf # add 'self' if this is a bound method. if self.__self__ is not None: args = (self.__self__, ) + tuple(args) if conf.CELERY_ALWAYS_EAGER: return self.apply(args, kwargs, task_id=task_id, **options) options = dict(extract_exec_options(self), **options) options = router.route(options, self.name, args, kwargs) if connection: producer = app.amqp.TaskProducer(connection) with app.producer_or_acquire(producer) as P: task_id = P.publish_task(self.name, args, kwargs, task_id=task_id, callbacks=maybe_list(link), errbacks=maybe_list(link_error), **options) result = self.AsyncResult(task_id) if add_to_parent: parent = get_current_worker_task() if parent: parent.request.children.append(result) return result
def subtask_from_request(self, request=None, args=None, kwargs=None, **extra_options): request = self.request if request is None else request args = request.args if args is None else args kwargs = request.kwargs if kwargs is None else kwargs delivery_info = request.delivery_info or {} options = { 'task_id': request.id, 'link': request.callbacks, 'link_error': request.errbacks, 'exchange': delivery_info.get('exchange'), 'routing_key': delivery_info.get('routing_key') } return self.subtask(args, kwargs, options, type=self, **extra_options)
[文档] def retry(self, args=None, kwargs=None, exc=None, throw=True, eta=None, countdown=None, max_retries=None, **options): """Retry the task. :param args: Positional arguments to retry with. :param kwargs: Keyword arguments to retry with. :keyword exc: Optional exception to raise instead of :exc:`~celery.exceptions.MaxRetriesExceededError` when the max restart limit has been exceeded. :keyword countdown: Time in seconds to delay the retry for. :keyword eta: Explicit time and date to run the retry at (must be a :class:`~datetime.datetime` instance). :keyword max_retries: If set, overrides the default retry limit. :keyword \*\*options: Any extra options to pass on to meth:`apply_async`. :keyword throw: If this is :const:`False`, do not raise the :exc:`~celery.exceptions.RetryTaskError` exception, that tells the worker to mark the task as being retried. Note that this means the task will be marked as failed if the task raises an exception, or successful if it returns. :raises celery.exceptions.RetryTaskError: To tell the worker that the task has been re-sent for retry. This always happens, unless the `throw` keyword argument has been explicitly set to :const:`False`, and is considered normal operation. **Example** .. code-block:: python >>> @task() >>> def tweet(auth, message): ... twitter = Twitter(oauth=auth) ... try: ... twitter.post_status_update(message) ... except twitter.FailWhale, exc: ... # Retry in 5 minutes. ... raise tweet.retry(countdown=60 * 5, exc=exc) Although the task will never return above as `retry` raises an exception to notify the worker, we use `return` in front of the retry to convey that the rest of the block will not be executed. """ request = self.request retries = request.retries + 1 max_retries = self.max_retries if max_retries is None else max_retries # Not in worker or emulated by (apply/always_eager), # so just raise the original exception. if request.called_directly: maybe_reraise() # raise orig stack if PyErr_Occurred raise exc or RetryTaskError('Task can be retried', None) if not eta and countdown is None: countdown = self.default_retry_delay S = self.subtask_from_request( request, args, kwargs, countdown=countdown, eta=eta, retries=retries, ) if max_retries is not None and retries > max_retries: if exc: maybe_reraise() raise self.MaxRetriesExceededError( """Can't retry %s[%s] args:%s kwargs:%s""" % ( self.name, request.id, S.args, S.kwargs)) # If task was executed eagerly using apply(), # then the retry must also be executed eagerly. S.apply().get() if request.is_eager else S.apply_async() ret = RetryTaskError(exc=exc, when=eta or countdown) if throw: raise ret return ret
[文档] def apply(self, args=None, kwargs=None, **options): """Execute this task locally, by blocking until the task returns. :param args: positional arguments passed on to the task. :param kwargs: keyword arguments passed on to the task. :keyword throw: Re-raise task exceptions. Defaults to the :setting:`CELERY_EAGER_PROPAGATES_EXCEPTIONS` setting. :rtype :class:`celery.result.EagerResult`: """ # trace imports Task, so need to import inline. from celery.task.trace import eager_trace_task app = self._get_app() args = args or () # add 'self' if this is a bound method. if self.__self__ is not None: args = (self.__self__, ) + tuple(args) kwargs = kwargs or {} task_id = options.get('task_id') or uuid() retries = options.get('retries', 0) throw = app.either('CELERY_EAGER_PROPAGATES_EXCEPTIONS', options.pop('throw', None)) # Make sure we get the task instance, not class. task = app._tasks[self.name] request = {'id': task_id, 'retries': retries, 'is_eager': True, 'logfile': options.get('logfile'), 'loglevel': options.get('loglevel', 0), 'delivery_info': {'is_eager': True}} if self.accept_magic_kwargs: default_kwargs = {'task_name': task.name, 'task_id': task_id, 'task_retries': retries, 'task_is_eager': True, 'logfile': options.get('logfile'), 'loglevel': options.get('loglevel', 0), 'delivery_info': {'is_eager': True}} supported_keys = fun_takes_kwargs(task.run, default_kwargs) extend_with = dict((key, val) for key, val in default_kwargs.items() if key in supported_keys) kwargs.update(extend_with) tb = None retval, info = eager_trace_task(task, task_id, args, kwargs, request=request, propagate=throw) if isinstance(retval, ExceptionInfo): retval, tb = retval.exception, retval.traceback state = states.SUCCESS if info is None else info.state return EagerResult(task_id, retval, state, traceback=tb)
[文档] def AsyncResult(self, task_id): """Get AsyncResult instance for this kind of task. :param task_id: Task id to get result for. """ return self._get_app().AsyncResult(task_id, backend=self.backend, task_name=self.name)
[文档] def subtask(self, *args, **kwargs): """Returns :class:`~celery.subtask` object for this task, wrapping arguments and execution options for a single task invocation.""" from celery.canvas import subtask return subtask(self, *args, **kwargs)
[文档] def s(self, *args, **kwargs): """``.s(*a, **k) -> .subtask(a, k)``""" return self.subtask(args, kwargs)
[文档] def si(self, *args, **kwargs): """``.si(*a, **k) -> .subtask(a, k, immutable=True)``""" return self.subtask(args, kwargs, immutable=True)
[文档] def chunks(self, it, n): """Creates a :class:`~celery.canvas.chunks` task for this task.""" from celery import chunks return chunks(self.s(), it, n)
[文档] def map(self, it): """Creates a :class:`~celery.canvas.xmap` task from ``it``.""" from celery import xmap return xmap(self.s(), it)
[文档] def starmap(self, it): """Creates a :class:`~celery.canvas.xstarmap` task from ``it``.""" from celery import xstarmap return xstarmap(self.s(), it)
[文档] def update_state(self, task_id=None, state=None, meta=None): """Update task state. :keyword task_id: Id of the task to update, defaults to the id of the current task :keyword state: New state (:class:`str`). :keyword meta: State metadata (:class:`dict`). """ if task_id is None: task_id = self.request.id self.backend.store_result(task_id, meta, state)
[文档] def on_success(self, retval, task_id, args, kwargs): """Success handler. Run by the worker if the task executes successfully. :param retval: The return value of the task. :param task_id: Unique id of the executed task. :param args: Original arguments for the executed task. :param kwargs: Original keyword arguments for the executed task. The return value of this handler is ignored. """ pass
[文档] def on_retry(self, exc, task_id, args, kwargs, einfo): """Retry handler. This is run by the worker when the task is to be retried. :param exc: The exception sent to :meth:`retry`. :param task_id: Unique id of the retried task. :param args: Original arguments for the retried task. :param kwargs: Original keyword arguments for the retried task. :keyword einfo: :class:`~celery.datastructures.ExceptionInfo` instance, containing the traceback. The return value of this handler is ignored. """ pass
[文档] def on_failure(self, exc, task_id, args, kwargs, einfo): """Error handler. This is run by the worker when the task fails. :param exc: The exception raised by the task. :param task_id: Unique id of the failed task. :param args: Original arguments for the task that failed. :param kwargs: Original keyword arguments for the task that failed. :keyword einfo: :class:`~celery.datastructures.ExceptionInfo` instance, containing the traceback. The return value of this handler is ignored. """ pass
[文档] def after_return(self, status, retval, task_id, args, kwargs, einfo): """Handler called after the task returns. :param status: Current task state. :param retval: Task return value/exception. :param task_id: Unique id of the task. :param args: Original arguments for the task that failed. :param kwargs: Original keyword arguments for the task that failed. :keyword einfo: :class:`~celery.datastructures.ExceptionInfo` instance, containing the traceback (if any). The return value of this handler is ignored. """ pass
def send_error_email(self, context, exc, **kwargs): if self.send_error_emails and \ not getattr(self, 'disable_error_emails', None): self.ErrorMail(self, **kwargs).send(context, exc)
[文档] def execute(self, request, pool, loglevel, logfile, **kwargs): """The method the worker calls to execute the task. :param request: A :class:`~celery.worker.job.Request`. :param pool: A task pool. :param loglevel: Current loglevel. :param logfile: Name of the currently used logfile. :keyword consumer: The :class:`~celery.worker.consumer.Consumer`. """ request.execute_using_pool(pool, loglevel, logfile)
def push_request(self, *args, **kwargs): self.request_stack.push(Context(*args, **kwargs)) def pop_request(self): self.request_stack.pop() def __repr__(self): """`repr(task)`""" return '<@task: %s>' % (self.name, ) def _get_request(self): """Get current request object.""" req = self.request_stack.top if req is None: # task was not called, but some may still expect a request # to be there, perhaps that should be deprecated. if self._default_request is None: self._default_request = Context() return self._default_request return req request = property(_get_request) @property def __name__(self): return self.__class__.__name__
BaseTask = Task # compat alias